Internal Procedures and External Procedures ☆
Internal function definitions including DEF-line, internal subprogram definitions, internal picture definitions and detached handlers(HADLER～END HADLER) are called internal procedures.
Besides, external function definitions, external subprograms and external picture definitions are called external procedures.
Furthermore, The main program and external procedures are called program units.
Internal procedures are written in a program unit, and share variables and the declaration such as option base or option angle with the program unit.
A Program unit is an individual object and does not share variables except parameters and the declarations with any other program unit.
Example.1 Internal Procedure
100 FUNCTION fact(n) 110 LET p=1 120 FOR i=1 TO n 130 LET p=i*p 140 NEXT i 150 LET fact=p 160 END FUNCTION 170 FOR i=1 TO 10 180 PRINT fact(i) 190 NEXT i 200 END
The internal function defined in lines 100 to 160 calculates the factorial of n.
But this program does not act as expected because when the FOR-loop in lines 120 to 140 is executed, the value of i, which is used on the FOR-loop in lines 170 to 190, is changed.
Example 2. External procedure
160 DECLARE EXTERNAL FUNCTION fact 170 FOR i=1 TO 10 180 PRINT fact(i) 190 NEXT i 200 END 300 EXTERNAL FUNCTION fact(n) 310 LET p=1 320 FOR i=1 TO n 330 LET p=i*p 340 NEXT i 350 LET fact=p 360 END FUNCTION
On the above program, as the variable i in lines 170 to 190 and the variable i in line 320 to 340 are different variables, the execution result shall be as expected.